Tool Box & Literature


UCLA has provided a table that allows individuals to determine themes and examples of microaggressions, based on the work of Derald Wing Sue at Columbia University.

Brea M Banks at the University of Nebraska developed a presentation and training module on microaggression for the Nebraska Internship Consortium in Professional Physchology’s internship program.

Laila Moustafa the Middle East and North African Studies Librarian at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has developed at a LibGuide to inform users on the basics on microaggressions and provide resources.

The Washington State Department of Social and Health Services provides a pamphlet on recognizing microaggression.

Jody Gray the Diversity and Outreach Librarian at the University of Minnesota Libraries provides a webinar and PPT slides on identifying and recognizing microaggressions.

Microaggressions Literature – General 

Nadal, K. (2011). The racial and ethnic microaggressions scale (rems): Construction, reliability, and validity. Journal of Counseling Psychology58(4), 470-480.

Sue, D. , Capodilupo, C. , Torino, G. , Bucceri, J. , Holder, A. , et al. (2007). Racial microaggressions in everyday life: Implications for clinical practice. American Psychologist62(4), 271-286.

Sue, D. , Nadal, K. , Capodilupo, C. , Lin, A. , Torino, G. , et al. (2008). Racial microaggressions against black Americans: Implications for counseling. Journal of Counseling & Development86(3), 330-338.

Microaggressions: The New Face of Discrimination. (2012). [Alexandria, VA]: Microtraining Associates.

Microaggressions and Marginality: Manifestation, Dynamics, and Impact. (2010). Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

Sue, D. (2010). Microaggressions in Everyday Life : Race, Gender, and Sexual Orientation. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

Nadal, K. (2013). That’s So Gay! : Microaggressions and the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Community. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Hollins, C. , & Govan, I. (2015). Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion: Strategies for Facilitating Conversations on Race. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield.

Microaggressions Literature – Academic Libraries

Alabi, J. (2015). Racial microaggressions in academic libraries: Results of a survey of minority and non-minority librarians. Journal of Academic Librarianship41(1), 47-53.

New findings on library science described by investigators at auburn university (racial microaggressions in academic libraries: Results of a survey of minority and non-minority librarians). (2015). Information Technology Newsweekly, 164.

Microaggressions Literature – Academia

Young, K. , Anderson, M. , & Stewart, S. (2015). Hierarchical microaggressions in higher education. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education8(1), 61-71.

Villarreal, M. (2015). Second Generation Chicanas in Higher Education: Experiences of Race and Gender Microaggressions. n.p.:

Smith, L. , Mao, S. , & Deshpande, A. (2016). “talking across worlds”: Classist microaggressions and higher education. Journal of Poverty20(2), 127.

Morales, E. (2014). Intersectional impact: Black students and race, gender and class microaggressions in higher education. Race, Gender & Class21(3/4), 48-66.

Minikel-Lacocque, J. (2013). Racism, college, and the power of words: Racial microaggressions reconsidered. American Educational Research Journal50(3), 432-465.

Nadal, K. , Wong, Y. , Griffin, K. , Davidoff, K. , & Sriken, J. (2014). The adverse impact of racial microaggressions on college students’ self-esteem.Journal of College Student Development55(5), 461-474.

Kaskan, E. , & Ho, I. (2016). Microaggressions and female athletes. Sex Roles74(7), 275-287.

Palmer, R. , & Maramba, D. (2015). Racial microaggressions among asian american and latino/a students at a historically black university. Journal of College Student Development56(7), 705-722.

Nienhusser, H. , Vega, B. , & Carquin, M. (2016). Undocumented students’ experiences with microaggressions during their college choice process.Teachers College Record118(2), 1.

Poolokasingham, G. , Kleiman, S. , Spanierman, L. , & Houshmand, S. (2014). “fresh off the boat?” racial microaggressions that target south asian canadian students. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education,7(3), 194-210.

Suarez-Orozco, C. , Casanova, S. , Martin, M. , Katsiaficas, D. , Cuellar, V. , et al. (2015). Toxic rain in class: Classroom interpersonal microaggressions.Educational Researcher44(3), 151-160.

Aversive Racism and Sexism Literature 

Confronting Racism: The Problem and the Response. (1998). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism. (1986). Orlando: Academic Press. *

Levin, J. , Haberler, Z. , Walker, L. , & Jackson-Boothby, A. (2014). Community college culture and faculty of color. Community College Review42(1), 55-74.

Outsiders on the Inside : Women & Organizations. (1981). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. *